dcsimg
GET MATCHED TO A SCHOOL
In Seconds
Where do you want to take classes?
Online
Campus
Either
When would you like to start?
What's your zip code?
GO ›
What degree are you interested in?
GO ›
You're almost there...
Processing your information

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - ADHD

Learn about the effects and treatments of ADHD

adhd

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common mental disorder among children, affecting 3-5 percent of school-age individuals according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

ADHD can make concentration and learning difficult, to children it may seem impossible. Poor marks in school can lead to low self-esteem, feelings of inadequacy and, consequently, a deterioration of social skills. With lowered self-esteem, the likelihood of teenagers suffering with ADHD turning to alcohol and drugs skyrockets (Teenagers and Drug Use). Without some form of treatment, ADHD can cause new problems and challenges to emerge within school as well as create dangers associated with teenage substance abuse.

Symptoms

The symptoms of ADHD are divided into inattentiveness, and hyperactivity and impulsivity (This list has been aggregated by the National Center for Biotechnology Information).

The types of ADHD children and teenagers present can vary significantly. Most children with ADHD primarily show signs of the inattentive type, while some show signs of the hyperactive-impulsive type, and still others can present signs of both inattentiveness and hyperactive-impulsivenss.

Inattention symptoms:
  • Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork
  • Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play
  • Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
  • Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace
  • Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
  • Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental effort (such as schoolwork)
  • Often loses toys, assignments, pencils, books, or tools needed for tasks or activities
  • Is easily distracted
  • Is often forgetful in daily activities
Hyperactivity symptoms:
  • Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat
  • Leaves seat when remaining seated is expected
  • Runs about or climbs in inappropriate situations
  • Has difficulty playing quietly
  • Is often "on the go," acts as if "driven by a motor," talks excessively
Impulsivity symptoms:
  • Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
  • Has difficulty awaiting turn
  • Interrupts or intrudes on others (butts into conversations or games)

Treatments

Although ADHD is a common disorder there is still a lot to learn especially when it comes to the best treatment options. Prescribed medications such as Adderall and Ritalin are highly effective treatments but the use of pharmaceutical stimulants in children is a highly controversial topic because little is known about the long-term effects of the drugs. Also, some experts argue that there is an increase of dependency and possibly abuse of these drugs as the child gets older.

Counseling

Behavioral therapy (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) is a non-medicated treatment focused on increasing the type of behavior the parents and teachers want to see by providing positive feedback. Counselors (Counseling Careers) can help teach parents how to begin this process and learn how to incorporate this method into their daily lives.

An alternative treatment gaining popularity is adjusting the child’s diet, eliminating certain foods and providing better nutrition in order to naturally reduce the effects of ADHD. Central Alternative High School in Appleton, Wisconsin chose to move away from the ordinary unhealthy school food options and provided healthier, minimally processed foods. The faculty has seen an immense change in the students and a major decline in serious issues plaguing the school. Calm behavior and increased focus in the classroom has replaced the aggression and vandalism that used to be the standard for the students at this high school. These results have given even more credit to the link between nutrition and ADHD. Some parents who have tried this method at home, have reported a positive change in behavior but there is little to work with in proven research.

The need for answers has led top ADHD researchers and organizations in the U.S. to begin long-term studies of treatment methods. For example, The National Institute of Mental Health is funding the comparative study of four ADHD treatments including medication, psychosocial/behavioral treatment, a combination of both, or routine community care. Despite differences in opinion, most professionals and experts can agree that a team based treatment approach is the most effective plan for children with ADHD.

Counselors working with ADHD children play an important role in creating this treatment team. They help the parents or guardians make educated decisions and seek out as many resources as possible available to them. This includes finding the right education system with knowledgeable school counselors who can help them navigate through their legal rights in order to receive the best education. For instance, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act helps design an Individual Education Plan, which is a learning system, tailored to each child. If the child qualifies, the counselor and education system work together to provide a comprehensive education adjusted to their specific needs. Even if they don’t qualify for these services, counselors become a critical link in communication between the child, teachers and parents.

A disorder that affects children and teens so severely such as ADHD requires the knowledge of experts to continually research and analyze the most effective treatments. Even with the information and understanding that we have today about this problem, there is still a lot left to learn. By actively pursuing a way to alleviate the adversity brought on by ADHD, those affected by the disorder and their families will have a better opportunity to live the lives they deserve.

Find out how you can become involved, request information from schools offering Psychology degree programs or schools offering counseling programs. Also, learn more about the psychology career licensing processes and what the requirements for licensure are: Psychology Career Licensure.

Psychology Schools & Colleges
Please enter valid US or Canada Zip.
Results will open in new window
5 Programs in
Campus
  • Phoenix Career Services™ help students find careers that match their interests & map out a personalized career plan.
  • Mentorships & networking opportunities available through Alumni Association of 800,000+ graduates.
  • Flexible start date and class schedules.
  • 100+ locations and online options.
  • Offers special military rates and special advisors who have a military background.
  • Students can earn credits for applicable military training and education.
  • Phoenix Career Services™ help students find careers that match their interests & map out a personalized career plan.
  • Mentorships & networking opportunities available through Alumni Association of 800,000+ graduates.
  • Flexible start date and class schedules.
  • 100+ locations and online options.
  • Offers special military rates and special advisors who have a military background.
  • Students can earn credits for applicable military training and education.
  • Good for Working Adults
  • Online Programs
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
1 Programs in
Online
  • Provides students the opportunity to train at home in their spare time to get their high school diploma, train for a new career, or enhance current skills.
  • Member of the United States Distance Learning Association (USDLA), the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education (CNIE), and the International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE).
  • Features a fully flexible schedule with no classes to attend, leaving the study pace up to the student.
Show more [+]
  • Provides students the opportunity to train at home in their spare time to get their high school diploma, train for a new career, or enhance current skills.
  • Member of the United States Distance Learning Association (USDLA), the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education (CNIE), and the International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE).
  • Features a fully flexible schedule with no classes to attend, leaving the study pace up to the student.
Show more [+]
  • Online Programs
5 Programs in
Campus
  • Ranked among the 2015 Best Regional Universities in the West by U.S. News & World Report.
  • 94% of students in the 2014-2015 academic year received some form of financial aid.
  • Student to faculty ratio is 13:1, with an average class size of 15.
  • 104 full-time faculty members, and more than 71% of them hold the highest degree in their field.
  • Accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC).
Show more [+]
  • Ranked among the 2015 Best Regional Universities in the West by U.S. News & World Report.
  • 94% of students in the 2014-2015 academic year received some form of financial aid.
  • Student to faculty ratio is 13:1, with an average class size of 15.
  • 104 full-time faculty members, and more than 71% of them hold the highest degree in their field.
  • Accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC).
Show more [+]
  • Online Programs
5 Programs in
Campus
  • Designated as a 2015 Military Friendly® School by Victory Media, publishers of G.I. Jobs®.
  • Each program is designed to instill the knowledge, ethical values, and interpersonal skills of professional practice and to foster values of social responsibility.
  • Offers several flexible learning options, including a blended format that combines campus and online learning.
  • Several scholarship opportunities are available for students who qualify.
  • Features a competency-based MBA program that allows students to test out of subjects based on prior professional experience.
Show more [+]
  • Designated as a 2015 Military Friendly® School by Victory Media, publishers of G.I. Jobs®.
  • Each program is designed to instill the knowledge, ethical values, and interpersonal skills of professional practice and to foster values of social responsibility.
  • Offers several flexible learning options, including a blended format that combines campus and online learning.
  • Several scholarship opportunities are available for students who qualify.
  • Features a competency-based MBA program that allows students to test out of subjects based on prior professional experience.
Show more [+]
  • Good for Working Adults
  • Online Programs
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
5 Programs in
Online
  • Ranked among top Regional Universities in the South by U.S. News and World Report in 2015.
  • Ranked 37th among the Best Colleges for Veterans by U.S. News and World Report in 2015.
  • Stands as the largest private, nonprofit university in the nation with 100,000+ students.
  • Offers over 230 programs online, from the certificate to the doctoral level.
  • Has a student-faculty ratio of 25:1, and 42.3% of its classes have fewer than 20 students.
Show more [+]
  • Ranked among top Regional Universities in the South by U.S. News and World Report in 2015.
  • Ranked 37th among the Best Colleges for Veterans by U.S. News and World Report in 2015.
  • Stands as the largest private, nonprofit university in the nation with 100,000+ students.
  • Offers over 230 programs online, from the certificate to the doctoral level.
  • Has a student-faculty ratio of 25:1, and 42.3% of its classes have fewer than 20 students.
Show more [+]
  • Accredited
  • Online Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
5 Programs in
Campus
  • Ranked one of the Best Online Bachelor’s Programs in 2014 by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Offers a no-obligation, 3-week trial period where students may determine if the university is right for them before they commit to it.
  • Strives to be a student’s partner in lifelong learning; committed to helping them achieve their goals.
  • Serves students of all ages, from first-graders learning to read to professionals seeking postgraduate training.
  • Provides career-oriented diploma through master’s programs in fields such as healthcare, business, legal and paralegal services, information technology, criminal justice and design.
Show more [+]
  • Ranked one of the Best Online Bachelor’s Programs in 2014 by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Offers a no-obligation, 3-week trial period where students may determine if the university is right for them before they commit to it.
  • Strives to be a student’s partner in lifelong learning; committed to helping them achieve their goals.
  • Serves students of all ages, from first-graders learning to read to professionals seeking postgraduate training.
  • Provides career-oriented diploma through master’s programs in fields such as healthcare, business, legal and paralegal services, information technology, criminal justice and design.
Show more [+]
5 Programs in
Campus
  • Designated a 2015 Military Friendly School by Victory Media for the 4th consecutive year.
  • Listed on the President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll in 2013, for the sixth consecutive year.
  • Links students to hundreds of training opportunities ( beyond their traditional internships and practicum) at their many “partner agencies” in each of their local communities. 
  • Accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
Show more [+]
  • Designated a 2015 Military Friendly School by Victory Media for the 4th consecutive year.
  • Listed on the President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll in 2013, for the sixth consecutive year.
  • Links students to hundreds of training opportunities ( beyond their traditional internships and practicum) at their many “partner agencies” in each of their local communities. 
  • Accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
Show more [+]
  • Good for Working Adults
  • Online Programs
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
1 Programs in
Campus
  • Ranked among the 2015 Best Regional Colleges in the Midwest by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Designated at 2015 Military Friendly School by Victory Media.
  • 89% of full time factulty hold a terminal degree in their field.
  • 10:1 student to faculty ratio, and 62% of classes have fewer than 20 students.
  • Accredited by the Higher Learning Commission(HLC) of the North Central Association (NCA).
Show more [+]
  • Ranked among the 2015 Best Regional Colleges in the Midwest by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Designated at 2015 Military Friendly School by Victory Media.
  • 89% of full time factulty hold a terminal degree in their field.
  • 10:1 student to faculty ratio, and 62% of classes have fewer than 20 students.
  • Accredited by the Higher Learning Commission(HLC) of the North Central Association (NCA).
Show more [+]
2 Programs in
Campus

• Ranked among the 2015 Best Regional Universities in the South by U.S. News & World Report.
• Ranked among the 2015 Best Colleges for Veterans by U.S. News & World Report.
• Challenging students to live extraordinary lives of personal and professional fulfillment since 1878.
• Offers programs in business, communication, education, humanities, fine arts, health sciences, and graduate studies.
• Provides on-campus housing options and study abroad programs for students.
• Campus features several academic centers for students, including The Writing Center and the Study Place for Achievement (SPA).

Show more [+]

• Ranked among the 2015 Best Regional Universities in the South by U.S. News & World Report.
• Ranked among the 2015 Best Colleges for Veterans by U.S. News & World Report.
• Challenging students to live extraordinary lives of personal and professional fulfillment since 1878.
• Offers programs in business, communication, education, humanities, fine arts, health sciences, and graduate studies.
• Provides on-campus housing options and study abroad programs for students.
• Campus features several academic centers for students, including The Writing Center and the Study Place for Achievement (SPA).

Show more [+]
  • Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
1 Programs in
Online
  • Ranked among the 2015 Best National Universities by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Designated as a Military Friendly School every year since 2012 by Victory Media.
  • Offers credit for prior learning and experience through assessment tests.
  • Provides a short term Leadership Certification program in partnership with EQUIP®.
  • Accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (HLC) of the North Central Association (NCA).
Show more [+]
  • Ranked among the 2015 Best National Universities by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Designated as a Military Friendly School every year since 2012 by Victory Media.
  • Offers credit for prior learning and experience through assessment tests.
  • Provides a short term Leadership Certification program in partnership with EQUIP®.
  • Accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (HLC) of the North Central Association (NCA).
Show more [+]
  • Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Online Programs
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits